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Random Passphrases Work, Even If They're Built From Known Passwords

Just this morning, security researcher Troy Hunt released a ZIP containing 306 million passwords that he's collected over the years from his ';--have i been pwned? service. As an extension, he created a service to provide either a password or a SHA-1 hash to see if your password has been pwnd. In 2009, the social […]

Electronic Slot Machines and Pseudorandom Number Generators

TL;DR An Austrian casino company used a predictable pseudorandom number generator, rather than a cryptographically secure one, and people are taking advantage of it, and cashing out big. The Story Wired reported on an article about an amazing operation at beating electronic slot machines, by holding your phone to the slot machine screen for a […]

Adblockers Aren't Part Of The Problem- People Are

Troy Hunt, a well-respected security researcher, and public speaker, wrote a blog post recently about how adblockers are part of the bad experience of the web. His article is about a sponsorship banner he posts at the top of his site, just below the header. It's not flashy, intrusive, loud, obnoxious, or a security or […]

Breaking HMAC

Okay. The title might be click bait, just a little, but after you finish reading this post, I think you'll be a bit more careful picking your HMAC keys. After learning this, I know I will be. However, HMAC is not broken. It just has an interesting ... property that's worth knowing about. First off, […]

Further Investigation Into Scrypt and Argon2 Password Hashing

Introduction In my previous post, I didn't pay close attention to the memory requirements of Argon2 when running my benchmarks. Instead, I just ran them until I got tired of waiting around. Further, I really didn't do justice to either scrypt nor Argon2 when showing the parallelization factor. So, as a result, I did a […]

Let's Talk Password Hashing

TL;DR In order of preference, hash passwords with: Argon2 scrypt bcrypt PBKDF2 Do not store passwords with: MD5 md5crypt sha512crypt sha256crypt UNIX crypt(3) SHA-1/2/3 Skein BLAKE2 Any general purpose hashing function. Any encryption algorithm. Your own design. Plaintext Introduction Something that comes up frequently in crypto circles, aside from the constant database leaks of accounts […]

The Physics of Brute Force

Introduction Recently, MyDataAngel launched a Kickstarter project to sell a proprietary encryption algorithm and software with 512-bit and 768-bit symmetric keys. The motivation was that 128-bit and 256-bit symmetric keys just isn't strong enough, especially when AES and OpenSSL are older than your car (a common criticism they would mention in their vlogs). Back in […]

Webcam Random Number Generation

A couple weeks ago, I purchased a lava lamp for $5 at a thrift store. It was in brand spanking new condition, and worked like a charm. The only thing going through my head at the time? I can't wait to point my webcam at it, and start generating some random numbers! Okay, well that, […]

CPU Jitter Entropy for the Linux Kernel

Normally, I keep a sharp eye on all things cryptographic-related with the Linux kernel. However, in 4.2, I missed something fantastic: jitterentropy_rng.ko. This is a Linux kernel module that measures the jitter of the high resolution timing available in modern CPUs, and uses this jitter as a source of true randomness. In fact, using the […]

Weechat Relay With Let's Encrypt Certificates

I've been on IRC for a long time. Not as long as some, granted, but likely longer than most. I've had my hand in a number of IRC clients, mostly terminal-based. Yup, I was (shortly) using the ircII client, then (also shortly) BitchX. Then I found irssi, and stuck with that for a long time. […]

Say Allo To Insecurity

Yesterday, Google announced two new encrypted messaging apps called "Allo" and "Duo". There has been some talk about the security of Allo's end-to-end encryption and incognito mode. Most of it was speculation, until Thai Duong blogged about it. Well, it's time to see what he said, and see if Allo stands up to scrutiny. "Allo […]

How To Always Encrypt Chromium Saved Passwords On GNU/Linux - No Matter What

One of the things that has always bothered me about the Chromium project (the project the Google Chrome browser is based on) is that passwords are encrypted, if and only if your operating system provides an authentication API through your account login. For example, on Windows, is is accomplished through the "CryptProtectData" function. This function […]

Opera, VPNs, and Security

Yesterday, Opera announced that they are bundling a VPN with the latest release of their browser. This is what the release says: Why we are adding free VPN in Opera Bringing this important privacy improvement marks another step in building a browser that matches up to people‚Äôs expectations in 2016. When you think about it, […]

Tor and the CloudFlare Problem

Before I go anywhere with this post, let me make three things very clear: I do not work for CloudFlare. I work for a small local ISP in Utah. I have been using Tor probably almost as long as many of you have been alive. I first blogged about Tor in 2006. I had discovered […]

Two OCB Block Cipher Mode Patents Expired Due To Nonpayment

Peter Gutmann on the "[Cryptography]" mailing list wrote some thoughts about the impending crypto monoculture of all-things-Bernstein that seems to be currently sweeping the crypto world. In his post, he mentions the following (emphasis mine): The remaining mode is OCB, which I'd consider the best AEAD mode out there (it shares CBC's graceful-degradation property in […]