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{ Category Archives } Debian

Two Factor Authentication with OpenSSH

With all the news about Heartbleed, passwords and two-factor authentication, I figured I would finally get two-factor authentication working with my SSH servers. I've known about it in the past, but haven't done anything about it. Now is the time. To get two-factor authentication working with your OpenSSH server, you need to install the "libpam-google-authenticator" […]

Protect Against Bit Rot With Parchive

Introduction Yes, this post was created on April 1. No, it's not an April Fool's joke. So, I need to begin with post with a story. In 2007, I adopted my daughter, and my wife decided that she wanted to stay home rather than work. In 2008, she quit her job. She was running a […]

ZFS Administration, Appendix D- The True Cost Of Deduplication

This post gets filed under the "budget and planning" part of systems administration. When planning out your ZFS storage pool, you will need to make decision about space efficiency, and the cost required to build out that architecture. We've heard over and over that ZFS block deduplication is expensive, and I've even mentioned it on […]

ZFS Administration, Appendix C- Why You Should Use ECC RAM

Introduction With the proliferation of ZFS into FreeBSD, Linux, FreeNAS, Illumos, and many other operating systems, and with the introduction of OpenZFS to unify all the projects under one collective whole, more and more people are beginning to tinker with ZFS in many different situations. Some install it on their main production servers, others install […]

Open Letter To All GNU/Linux and Unix Operating System Vendors

This is an open letter to all GNU/Linux and Unix operating system vendors. Please provide some sort of RSS or Atom feed for just new releases. Nothing else. No package updates. No "community" posts. No extra fluff. It shouldn't include news about being included in the Google Summer of Code. It shouldn't provide a list […]

Masquerade Computer Network Interfaces

I just recently acquired a Raspberry Pi at SAINTCON 2013. I already had one, and forgot how much fun these little computers can be. I also forgot what a PITA they can be if you don't have your house hard wired to your switch for Internet access, and have to go into the basement to […]

ZFS Administration, Appendix B- Using USB Drives

Introduction This comes from the "why didn't I think of this before?!" department. I have lying around my home and office a ton of USB 2.0 thumb drives. I have six 16GB drives and eight 8GB drives. So, 14 drives in total. I have two hypervisors in a GlusterFS storage cluster, and I just happen […]

ZFS Administration, Appendix A- Visualizing The ZFS Intent LOG (ZIL)

Background While taking a walk around the city with the rest of the system administration team at work today (we have our daily "admin walk"), a discussion came up about asynchronous writes and the contents of the ZFS Intent Log. Previously, as shown in the Table of Contents, I blogged about the ZIL in great […]

ZFS Administration, Part XVII- Best Practices and Caveats

Best Practices As with all recommendations, some of these guidelines carry a great amount of weight, while others might not. You may not even be able to follow them as rigidly as you would like. Regardless, you should be aware of them. I’ll try to provide a reason why for each. They’re listed in no […]

ZFS Administration, Part XVI- Getting and Setting Properties

Motivation Just as with Zpool properties, datasets also contain properties that can be changed. Because datasets are where you actually store your data, there are quite a bit more than with storage pools. Further, properties can be inherited from parent datasets. Again, not every property is tunable. Many are read-only. But, this again gives us […]

ZFS Administration, Part XV- iSCSI, NFS and Samba

I spent the previous week celebrating the Christmas holiday with family and friends, and as a result, took a break from blogging. However, other than the New Year, I'm finished with holidays for a while, and eager to get back to blogging, and finishing off this series. Only handful of posts left to go. So, […]

ZFS Administration, Part XIV- ZVOLS

What is a ZVOL? A ZVOL is a "ZFS volume" that has been exported to the system as a block device. So far, when dealing with the ZFS filesystem, other than creating our pool, we haven't dealt with block devices at all, even when mounting the datasets. It's almost like ZFS is behaving like a […]

ZFS Administration, Part XIII- Sending and Receiving Filesystems

Now that you're a pro at snapshots, we can move to one of the crown jewels of ZFS- the ability to send and receive full filesystems from one host to another. This is epic, and I am not aware of any other filesystem that can do this without the help of 3rd party tools, such […]

ZFS Administration, Part XII- Snapshots and Clones

Snapshots with ZFS are similar to snapshots with Linux LVM. A snapshot is a first class read-only filesystem. It is a mirrored copy of the state of the filesystem at the time you took the snapshot. Think of it like a digital photograph of the outside world. Even though the world is changing, you have […]

ZFS Administration, Part XI- Compression and Deduplication

Compression Compression is transparent with ZFS if you enable it. This means that every file you store in your pool can be compressed. From your point of view as an application, the file does not appear to be compressed, but appears to be stored uncompressed. In other words, if you run the "file" command on […]

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